*Index*

__High-Temperature
Superconducting Magnet Design__

__High-Temperature
Superconductors: Material Properties__

__Inductance Calculation
Techniques__

__Maglev: Circuit Modeling__

__Maglev: Control
Systems --- Electrodynamic Suspensions (EDS)__

__Maglev: Control
Systems --- Electromagnetic Suspensions (EMS)__

__Maglev:
Electromechanical Stability Analysis__

__Maglev: Force Calculations__

__Maglev: Guideway Design__

__Maglev: High Tc Magnet Design__

__Maglev: Magnetic Shielding__

__Maglev: Modeling__

__Maglev: Ride Comfort__

__Maglev: System Design__

__Maglev: Test Results__

__Maglev: Thermal
Stability Analysis__

__Magnetic Levitation:
Elementary Theory__

__Magnetic Levitation
System Concepts__

__Magnetic
Levitation: Other Applications__

__Materials:
Properties, Strength, etc.__

__Miscellaneous References__

__Rotordynamics__

__Structural Stress and
Deflection Analysis for Systems__

__Superconductors: AC
Applications and Loss Measurements__

__Superconducting
Magnet Design --- General__

__Thermal System Design__

__9.1. High-Temperature Superconducting Magnet Design__

[1] D. Aized, M. D. Manlief and C. H. Joshi, “Performance of High Temperature Superconducting Coils in High Background Fields at Different Temperatures.” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, No. 4, July 1994 pp. 2010-2013. Detail on performance of HTSC coils from 1.8 to 77K.

[2] M. Ariante, A. Matrone, E. Petrillo, A. Bonzi, P. Fabbricatore, M. Galbiati, C. Priano, L. Rossi and A. Sciutti, “Characteristics of Coils Wound with Mono and Miltifilamentary Bi-2212/Ag from 4 to 80K,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2780-2783

[3] J. D. Edick, R. F. Schiferl, and H. E. Jordan, “High Temperature Superconductivity Applied to Electric Motors.” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 2, No. 4, December 1992, pp. 189-194. Effects of HTSC on motor design.

[4] S. Foner, "New Materials --- The Road to Higher Magnetic Field Generation," International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics in Materials, vol. 1 (1990) pp. 111-116. Magnetic scaling laws.

[5] B. B. Gamble, G. L. Snitchler and R. E. Schwall, “Prospects for HTS Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2714-2719. HTSC cost analysis

[6] P. Haldar, J. G. Hoehn Jr., J. A. Rice, L. R. Motowidlo, U. Balachandran, C. A. Youngdahl, J. E. Tkaczyk and P. J. Bednarcqyk, “Fabrication and Properties of High-Tc Tapes and Coils Made from Silver-Clad Bi-2223 Superconductors.” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, 1127-30 (1993)

[7] D. W. Hazelton, J. A. Rice, Y. S. Hascicek, H. W. Weijers, and S. W. Van Sciver, "Development and Test of a BSCCO-2223 HTS High Field Insert Magnet for NMR," Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference '94, October 1994

[8] Y. Iwasa, "Design and Operational Issues for 77-K Superconducting Magnets," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 24, no. 2, March 1988, pp. 1211-1214

[9] R. G. Jenkins, H. Jones and R. M. Goodall, "Designing HTS Coils for Magnetic Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2683-2686. Iron-core HTSC coils

[10] R. G. Jenkins, H. Jones, M. Yang, M. J. Goringe and C. R. M. Grovenor, "The Construction and Performance of BSCCO 2212 Coils for Use in Liquid Nitrogen at 64K on an Iron Yoke in Demonstrator Devices," Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference '94, paper number LIC-2, October 1994

[11] R. G. Jenkins, H. Jones, M. Yang, I. Belenli, C. R. M. Grovenor and M. J. Goringe, "Prototype Coils wound from High-Tc Superconducting Composites," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, no. 4, July 1994, pp. 1813-1816

[12] I. Kirschner, J. Matrai, G. Szentgyorgyi, T. Porjesz, M. Lamm,

[13] S. Okada, Y. Iwahashi, and H. Mori, "A Practical Structural Stress Evaluation System for Superconducting Coils with Inner Ring Support," International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics in Materials, vol. 1 (1990) pp. 99-108

[14] G. Ries, “Magnet Technology and Conductor Design with High Temperature Superconductors.” Cryogenics, 1993 vol. 33, No. 6, pp. 609-614. Quench protection of HTSC coils; material mechanical properties of HTSC

[15] S. M. Schoenung, R. L. Bieri and T. C. Bickel, “The Advantages of Using High-Temperature Superconductors in High-Duty-Cycle Applications of SMES,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 5, no. 2, June 1995, pp. 341-344

[16] S. M. Schoenung, W. R. Meier, R. L. Fagaly, M. Heiberger, R. B. Stephens, J. A. Leuer and R. A. Guzman, “Design, Performance, and Cost Characteristics of High Temperature Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 8, no. 1, March 1993, pp. 33-39

[17] J. Tenbrink, M. Wilhelm, K. Heine, and H. Drauth, “Development of High-Tc Superconductor Wire for Magnet Applications.” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 27, No. 2, March 1991 pp. 1239-1246

[18] N. V. Vo, S. X. Dou and H. K. Liu, "Development of Bi(Pb)-2223/Ag Pancake-Shaped and Solenoidal Coils," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 6, no. 2, June 1996, pp. 102-105. Recent development of HTSC coils, including detail of pancake coil designs.

__9.2. High-Temperature Superconductors: Material Properties__

[19] American Superconductor Corp., High-Temperature Superconductivity Seminar, 1994

[20] S. Elschner, J. Bock, G. Brommer, and P. Herrmann, "High Currents in MCP BSCCO 2212 Bulk Materials," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 2724-2727

[21] B. Haken, A. Godeke, H. Schuver, and H. ten Kate, "Descriptive Model for the Critical Current as a Function of Axial Strain in Bi-2212/Ag Wires," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 2720-2723

[22] P. Haldar, Intermagnetics General Corporation, personal communication, 1995

[23] D. Hazelton, Intermagnetics General Corporation, personal communication, 1995

[24] S. Kim, Y. Ueno, A. Ishiyama, H. Okada, S. Nomura, and H. Maeda, "Experiment and Numerical Analysis of Normal Zone Propagation Properties in Ag Sheathed Bi-2223 Superconducting Tapes," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2822-2825

[25] M. P. Maley, J. H. Cho, J. Y. Coulter, J. O. Willis, L. N. Bulaevskii,
L. R. Motowidlo and P. Haldar, “Anisotropy of Transport Properties Normal
and Parallel to the Tape Plane in Bi-2223/Ag Tapes.” Proceedings of the
Applied Superconductivity Conference ‘94,

[26] G. C. Montanari, I. Ghinello, L. Gherardi and P. Caracino, “An Investigation on Aging of Multifilamentary 2223-BSCCO Specimens Under Mechanical and Environmental Stresses,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 6, no. 3, September 1996, pp. 132-141

[27] M. Murakami, S. Gotoh, N. Koshizuka, S. Tanaka, T. Matsushita, S. Kambe, and K. Kitazawa, “Critical currents and flux creep in melt processed high Tc oxide superconductors,” Cryogenics, vol. 30, pp. 390-396, May 1990

[28] R. C. Niemann, J. P. Singh, C. A. Youngdahl, W. Brockenborough and C. M. Rey, “Performance Characterizations of Bi-2223 Composite Powder-in-Tube Conductor Elements,” Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 5, 1995, pp. 237-247

[29] T. P. Orlando and D. A. Delin, Foundations of Applied Superconductivity, published by Addison-Wesley, New York 1991

__9.3. Inductance
Calculation Techniques__

[30] S. Butterworth, “On the Coefficients of Self and Mutual Induction of Coaxial Coils,” Philosophical Magazine, vol.29, 1915, pp. 578-592

[31] S. Butterworth, "On the Coefficients of Mutual Induction of Eccentric Coils," Philosophical Magazine, series 6, vol.31, 1916, pp. 443-454. Mutual inductance calculation for filamentary coils with offset axes.

[32] A. Campbell, "On the Use of Variable Mutual Inductances," Philosophical Magazine, vol. 15, 6th series, 1908, pp. 155-171. Approximate technique for calculating mutual inductance of offset filamentary coils.

[33] H. B. Dwight, Electrical Coils and Conductors, McGraw-Hill, 1945

[34] F. W. Grover, Inductance Calculations: Working Formulas and Tables,
Dover Publications, Inc.,

[35] B. R. Gupta and V. K. Singh, “Inductance of Rectangular Grids,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 7, no. 3, July 1992, pp. 1218-1221

[36] W. G. Hurley and M. C. Duffy, "Calculation of Self and Mutual Impedances in Planar Magnetic Structures," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 31, no. 4, July 1995, pp. 2416-2422

[37] J. V. Jones, “On the Calculation of the Coefficient of Mutual Induction of a Circle and a Coaxial Helix,” Philosophical Magazine, vol. 27, 1889, pp. 56-62

[38] K. Kim, E. Levi, Z. Zabar, and L. Birenbaum, “Restoring Force Between Two Noncoaxial Circular Coils,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 2, March 1996, pp. 478-484

[39] T. R. Lyle, “On the Self-Inductance of Circular Coils of Rectangular Section,” Philosophical Transactions, vol. 213A, (1913) pp. 421-435

[40] J. C. Maxwell, Electricity and Magnetism, vols. 1 and 2, Dover Publications

[41] P. N. Murgatroyd, “Some optimum shapes for toroidal inductors,” IEE Proceedings, vol. 129, part B, no. 3, May 1982, pp. 168-176.

[42] A. Rezzoug, J. P. Caron, and F. M. Sargos, “Analytical Calculations of Flux and Induction and Forces of Thick Coils with Finite Length,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 28, no. 5, September 1992, pp. 2250-2252

[43] W. T. Scott, The Physics of Electricity and Magnetism, 2d Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1966

[44] W. R. Smythe, Static and Dynamic Electricity, 2d ed.,

[45] F. E. Terman, Radio Engineers’ Handbook,

[46] H. A. Wheeler, "Formulas for the Skin Effect," Proceedings of the I.R.E., September 1942, pp. 412-424

[47] M. Zahn, Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Problem Solving Approach,
Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar

[48] J. L. He and D. M. Rote, “Double-Row Loop-Coil Configuration for EDS Maglev Suspension, Guidance, and Electromagnetic Guideway Directional Switching,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 29, no. 6, November 1993, pp. 2956-2958. Practical design for null-flux Maglev.

[49] J. L. He, D. M. Rote, and H. T. Coffey, "Applications of the Dynamic Circuit Theory to Maglev Suspension Systems," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 29, No. 6, November 1993, pp. 4153-4164

[50] J. L. He, D. M. Rote, and H. T. Coffey, "Electrodynamic Forces of the Cross-Connected Figure-Eight Null-Flux Coil Suspension System," MAGLEV '93, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Magnetically Levitated Systems and Linear Drives, May 1993

[51] J. L. He, D. M. Rote, and H. T. Coffey, “Study of Japanese Electrodynamic-Suspension Maglev Systems,” Argonne National Laboratory report ANL/ESD-20, April 1994

[52] Y. Iwasa, "Electromagnetic flight stability by model impedance simulation," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 44, 1973, pp. 858-862

[53] O. P. Jain and B. Ooi, "The Validity and the Limitations of the AC Impedance-Modeling Technique in Electrodynamic Levitation Systems," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-15, no. 3, July 1979 pp. 1169-1174

[54] M. K. Mills, “Self Inductance Formulas for Multi-Turn Rectangular Loops used with Vehicle Detectors,” IEEE 1983 Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 65-73

[55] M. K. Mills, “Self Inductance Formulas for Quadrupole Loops used with Vehicle Detectors,” IEEE 1985 Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 81-87. Inductance calculations for loop guideways.

[56] M. K. Mills, “Inductive

[57] E. Ohno, M. Iwamoto, and T. Yamada, “Characteristics of Superconductive Magnetic Suspension and Propulsion for High-Speed Trains,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 5, May 1973, pp. 579-586

[58] B. Ooi, "A Dynamic Circuit Theory of the Repulsive Magnetic Levitation System," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. PAS-96, no. 4, July/August 1977, pp. 1094-1100

[59] J. Y. Wong, B. E. Mulhall and R. G. Rhodes, "The impedance modelling technique for investigating the characteristics of electrodynamic levitation systems," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 8, 1975, pp. 1948-1955

__9.5. Maglev: Control Systems --- Electrodynamic Suspensions (EDS)__

[60] M. Abe, and H. Tsunashima, "Mechanically Controlled Permanent Magnet Levitation System for Maglev Transport Vehicle," Maglev, Society of Automotive Engineers

[61] D. L. Atherton, A. R. Eastham, and K. Sturgess, “Passive secondary magnetic damping for superconducting Maglev vehicles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 10, October 1976, pp. 4643-4648

[62] S. Kuntz, P. Burke, and G. Slemon, “Active Damping of Maglev Vehicles Using Superconducting Linear Synchronous Motors,” Electric Machines and Electromechanics, v. 2, (1978), pp. 371-384

[63] S. J. O. Mirzamani, G. M. Asher, and R. J. A. Paul, "Feasibility of Passive Damping from Mixed-Mu Levitation," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-20, no. 5, September 1984, pp. 1681-1683

[64] M. Nagai, "Recent Researches on Active Suspensions for Ground Vehicles," JSME International Journal, Series C, vol. 36, no. 2, 1993, pp. 161-170

[65] M. Nagai, H. Mori, and S. Nakadai, "Active Vibration Control of Electrodynamic Suspension System," JSME International Journal, series C, vol. 38, no. 1, 1995 pp. 48-54

[66] M. Nagai and S. Tanaka, "Study on the Dynamic Stability of Repulsive Magnetic Levitation Systems," JSME International Journal, series III, vol. 35, no. 1, 1992, pp. 102-108

[67] S. Nakadai and M. Nagai, “LQI optimal control of electro-dynamic suspension,” International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics in Materials, v. 4, (1994) pp. 309-316

[68] K. Nonami, W. He, and H. Nishimura, “Robust Control of Magnetic Levitation Systems by Means of H¥ Control/m-Synthesis,” JSME International Journal, series C, vol. 37, no. 3, 1994, pp. 513-520

[69] B. Ooi and M. H. Banakar, "Passive and Active Damper Winding for the Repulsive Magnetic Levitation System," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. Mag-13, no. 3, September 1977, pp. 1672-1674

[70] M. Trapanese, "A Lagrangian Approach to the Electromechanical
Aspects of the Superconducting Magnets for Maglev," Proceedings of the 6th
International Symposium on Superconductivity (ISS'93) October 26-29, 1993,

__9.6. Maglev: Control Systems --- Electromagnetic Suspensions ( EMS)__

[71] R. D. Fruechte, R. H. Nelson, and T. A. Radomski, "Power
Conditioning Systems for a Magnetically Levitated Test Vehicle," IEEE
Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. VT-29, no. 1, February 1980, pp.
50-60. Control system for

[72] R. Goodall, "Dynamic characteristics in the design of Maglev suspensions," Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs., vol. 208, pp. 33-41

[73] R. M. Goodall and C. J. MacLeod, "Control Considerations Relating
to the use of Superconducting Coils for Maglev," Proc. IEEE Conf. on
Control Applications (CCA95)

[74] E. Gottzein, B. Lange, and F. Ossenberg-Franzes, "Control System Concept for a Passenger Carrying Maglev Vehicle," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, 1974, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[75] R. J. Gran and M. Proise, “Five Degree of Freedom Analysis of the Grumman Superconducting Electromagnetic Maglev Vehicle, Control and Guideway Interaction”

[76] W. A. Hutchens, E. C. Haight, and J. L. Milner, "Analysis of the Dynamics of a Rail Car from its Response to Random Inputs," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, 1975, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[77] W. Kortum and A. Utzt, "Control Law Design and Dynamic Evaluations for a Maglev Vehicle with a Combined Lift and Guidance Suspension System," Transactions of the ASME, vol. 106, December 1984, pp. 286-292

[78] S. Mark, “Modeling and Control of Maglev Vehicles,” M.S. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, May 1993

[79] T. Mizuno, "Phase-Locked Loops for the Stabilization of Active
Magnetic Suspensions," JSME International Journal, series A, vol. 37, no.
3, 1994 pp. 499-503. Use of phase-locked loops for stabilization of

[80] H. Tsunashima and M. Abe, "Dynamics of the Mechanical Levitation Control System for a Maglev Transport Vehicle," JSME International Journal, series C, vol. 37, no. 3, 1994, pp. 528-535

[81] A. E. Zawawi, Y. Baudon, and M. Ivanes, “Dynamic Analysis of an Electromagnetically Levitated Vehicle Using Linear Synchronous Motor,” Electric Machines and Electromechanics, vol. 6, pp. 129-141, 1981

__9.7. Maglev: Electromechanical Stability Analysis__

[82] A. Baiko, K. Voevodskii and V. Kochetkov, “Vertical unstable stability of electrodynamic suspension of high-speed ground transport,” Cryogenics, May 1980, pp. 271-276

[83]

[84] Y. Cai and S. S. Chen, “Instability of Electrodynamic Maglev Systems,” Submitted to Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1994

[85] S. S. Chen,

[86] D.

[87] L. C. Davis and D. F. Wilkie, "Analysis of Motion of Magnetic Levitation Systems: Implications for High-Speed Vehicles," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 12, November 1971, pp. 4779-4793

[88] H. J. Fink and C. E. Hobrecht, "Instability of Vehicles Levitated
by Eddy Current Repulsion --- Case of an Infinitely Long Current

[89] J. L. He, Z. Wang, D. M. Rote, and

[90] L. M. Holmes, “Stability of magnetic levitation,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 49, no. 6, June 1978, pp. 3102-3109

[91] J. P. Howell, J. Y. Wong, R. G. Rhodes, and B. E. Mulhall, “Stability of Magnetically Levitated Vehicles Over a Split Guideway,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-11, no. 5, September 1975, pp. 1487-1489

[92] M. Iwamoto, T. Yamada, and E. Ohno, “Magnetic Damping Force in Electrodynamically Suspended Trains,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-10, (1974), pp. 458-461

[93] D. Levy, “General approach to the Stability Analysis of Maglev Systems,” Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Australia, vol. 10, no. 4, December 1990, pp. 255-277

[94] F. C. Moon, "Chaotic Vibrations of a Magnet Near a Superconductor," Physics Letters A, vol. 132, no. 5, 10 October 1988 pp. 249-252

[95] F. C. Moon, "Vibration Problems in Magnetic Levitation and Propulsion," Transport Without Wheels, E. Laithwaite Editor, Elek Science, London 1977 pp. 122-161

[96] V. Nguyen, J. Delamare, and J.-P. Yonnet, "A Passive Damper for Magnetic Suspension," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, no. 6, November 1994, pp. 4749-4751

[97] H. Ohsaki, S. Torii, K. Higashi, and E. Masada, "Damping
Characteristics of the Superconducting Maglev Vehicle," Proceedings of the
6th International Symposium on Superconductivity (ISS'93) October 26-29, 1993,

[98] C. H. Woods, R. K. Cooper, V. K. Neil, and C. E. Taylor, "Stability Analysis of a Levitated Superconducting Current Ring Stabilized by Feedback and Eddy Currents," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 41, no. 8, July 1970, pp. 3295-3305

[99] T. Yamada, M. Iwamoto and T. Ito, “Magnetic Damping Force in
Inductive Magnetic Levitation System for High-Speed Trains,” Electrical
Engineering in

__9.8. Maglev: Force Calculations__

[100] D. L. Atherton, A. R. Eastham, C. Fombrun, and M. Chong, “Eddy Current Distribution and Lift Force for Finite Maglev Strips,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 52, 1974, pp. 1203-1208

[101] N. Carbonari, G. Martinelli, and A. Morini, "Calculation of levitation, drag and lateral forces in EDS-MAGLEV transport systems," Archiv fur Elektrotechnik 71 (1988) pp. 139-148

[102] L. C. Davis, “Drag force on a magnet moving near a thin conductor,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 43, no. 10, October 1972, pp. 4256-4257

[103] R. Knowles, "Dynamic Circuit and Fourier Series Methods for Moment Calculation in Electrodynamic Repulsive Magnetic Levitation Systems," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-18, no. 4, July 1982 pp. 953-960

[104] J. Langerholc, “Torques and forces on a moving coil due to eddy currents,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 44, no. 4, April 1973, pp. 1587-1594

[105] S. W. Lee and R. Menendez, “Forces at low and high-speed limits in magnetic levitation systems,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 46, no. 1, Jan. 1975, pp. 422-425

[106] S. W. Lee and R. C. Menendez, “Force on Current Coils Moving over a Conducting Sheet with Application to Magnetic Levitation,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 62, no. 5, May 1974, pp. 567-577

[107] B. Ooi, "Levitation, Drag and Transverse Forces in Finite Width Sheet Guideways for Repulsive Magnetic Levitation," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, 1975, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[108] J. R. Reitz, "Force on Moving Magnets due to Eddy Currents," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 41, No. 5, April 1970, pp. 2067-2071

[109] J. R. Reitz and L. C. Davis, "Force on a Rectangular Coil Moving above a Conducting Slab," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 43, No. 4, April 1972, pp. 1547-1553

[110] T. Saitoh, N. Maki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Shibata, "Electromagnetic Force and Eddy Current Loss in Dynamic Behavior of a Superconducting Magnetically Levitated Vehicle," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 1, March 1993, pp. 417-420

[111] D. Schieber, Electromagnetic Induction Phenomena, Springer-Verlag, 1986

[112] T. Yamada, M. Iwamoto, and T. Ito, “Levitation Performance of Magnetically Suspended High Speed Trains,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Sept. 1972, pp. 634-635. Comparison of continuous sheet and ladder guideways

[113] T. Akinbiyi and P. E. Burke, "A Comparison of Ladder and Sheet Guideways for Electrodynamic Levitation of High Speed Vehicles," IEEE Transactions of Magnetics, vol. MAG-12, no. 6, November 1976, pp. 879-881

[114] D. L. Atherton, A. R. Eastham, and R. E. Tedford, “Joints in Strips for Electrodynamic Magnetic Levitation Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-14, no. 2, March 1978, pp. 69-75

[115] P. E. Burke, “The Use of Stranded Conductors to Reduce Eddy Losses in Guideway Conductors of High Speed Vehicles,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-11, no. 5, September 1975, pp. 1501-1503

[116] P. E. Burke and T. Akinbiyi, "The Design of Flat Ladder and Coil Guideway Systems for High Speed Trains," IEEE Transactions of Magnetics, vol. MAG-12, no. 6, November 1976, pp. 882-884

[117] B. T. Ooi and O. P. Jain, “Force Transients at Guideway Butt Joints in Repulsive Magnetic Levitation System,” IEEE Transactions on Power Apperatus and Systems, vol. PAS-98, no. 1, Jan./Feb. 1979, pp. 323-330

[118] R. S. Phelan, “High Performance Maglev Guideway Design,” Ph.D. thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1993

[119] R. J. Ravera and J. R. Anderes, "Selection of Candidate Guideway Parameters for High Speed Tracked Levitated Vehicles," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, 1974, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[120] M. Zahn, “Power Dissipation and Magnetic forces on MAGLEV Rebars,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 33, no. 2, part 1, pp. 1021-36, March 1997

__9.10. Maglev: High Tc Magnet Design__

[121] L. Bromberg, M. Sidorov, J. Bock, and S. Pourrahimi, "High Tc Monolithic Helical Magnets," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 2687-2690

[122] H. Jones, R. G. Jenkins, R. M. Goodall, C. Macleod, A. A. El Abbar and A. M. Campbell, “High Temperature Superconducting Magnets with Active Control for Attractive Levitation Transport Applications,” Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Magnetic Suspension Technology, NASA Conference Publication, pp. 535-550

[123] R. Goodall, C. MacLeod, A. El-Abbar, H. Jones, R. Jenkins and A. Campbell, "The Potential for EMS Maglev using High Temperature Superconductors," Proc. Maglev '95, Bremen, Nov. 1995, pp. 209-215;

[124] R. Goodall, C. MacLeod, A. El-Abbar, H. Jones, R. Jenkins and A. Campbell, “The Use of Iron-cored HTS Magnets for EMS Maglev,” Proc. ZSS 1996, Sapporo Japan

[125] S. S. Kalsi, "The Application of High Temperature Superconductors to Maglev Magnets," Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 1-3, 1995, pp. 163-168

[126] S. S. Kalsi et. al., “Iron Core Superconducting Magnet Design
and Test Results for Maglev Applications,” Proceedings of the 1994
Applied Superconductivity Conference,

[127] A. Senba, H. Kitahara, H. Ohsaki, and E. Masada, "Characteristics of an Electromagnetic Levitation System using a Bulk Superconductor," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 5, part 2, pp. 5049-5051, 1996

[128] E. A. Scholle and J. Schwartz, "Implications of High Temperature Superconducting Magnets on Maglev Design," submitted to IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

[129] S. Yokoyama, K. Shimohata, T. Inaguchi, T. Takeuchi, T. Kim, S. Nakamura, S. Miyashita, and F. Uchikawa, "A Conceptual Design of a Superconducting Magnet for MAGLEV Using a Bi-based High-Tc Tape," Applied Superconductivity Conference '94, paper number LLB-2, October 1994

__9.11. Maglev: Magnetic Shielding__

[130] W. F. Hayes, "Magnetic Field Shielding for Electrodynamic Maglev
Vehicles," International Conference on Maglev and Linear Drives,

[131] Y. Iwasa, "Magnetic Shielding for Magnetically Levitated Vehicles," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 5, May 1973, pp. 598-603

[132] S. Kikuchi and H. Kimura, "Some Considerations on the Magnetic Shielding in the Train," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 31, No. 6, Nov. 1995 pp. 4256-4258

[133] T. Rikitake, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Shielding, D. Reidel
Publishing Co.,

[134] D. L. Atherton and A. Eastham, "Flat guidance schemes for magnetically levitated high-speed guided ground transport," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 45, 1974, pp. 1398-1405

[135] E. E. Burkhardt, J. Schwartz, and S. Nakamae, "Analysis of Superconducting Magnet (SCM)-Ground Coil Interactions for EDS Maglev Coil Configurations," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 1, March 1993, pp. 430-433. L-R modelling of null-flux suspension

[136] L. C. Davis and D. F. Wilkie, "Analysis of Motion of Magnetic Levitation Systems: Implications for High-Speed Vehicles," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 12, November 1971, pp. 4779-4793

[137] S. Fujiwara, "Characteristics of EDS Magnetic Levitation with Ground Coils for Levitation Arranged on the Side Wall," Electrical Engineering in Japan, vol. 108, no. 3, 1988, pp. 101-110

[138] C. A. Guderjahn, S. L. Wipf, H. J. Fink, R. W. Boom, K. E. MacKenzie, D. Williams, and T. Downey, "Magnetic Suspension and Guidance for High Speed Rockets by Superconducting Magnets," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 5, April, 1969, pp. 2133-2140

[139] S. D. Lindenbaum and M. S. Lee, "Lift, drag, and guidance forces on alternating polarity magnets, using loop guideways," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 46, no. 7, July 1975, pp. 3151-3159

[140] J. R. Melcher, Continuum Electromechanics MIT Press, 1981

[141] H. Ohsaki, H. Deguchi, and E. Masada, "Dynamical Behavior Analysis of the Supercondicting Magnets for an EDS-LSM Maglev," International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics in Materials, vol. 2 (1991) pp. 265-273

[142] P. L. Richards and M. Tinkham, "Magnetic Suspension and Propulsion Systems for High-Speed Transportation," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 43, no. 6, June 1972, pp. 2680-2691

[143] R. D. Thornton, "Flux Canceling Maglev Suspension," MAGLEV '93, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Magnetically Levitated Systems and Linear Drives, May 1993

[144] H. H. Woodson and J. R. Melcher, Electromechanical Dynamics Published by Robert E. Kreiger, Malabar, FL 1968

[145] Y. Cai, S. S. Chen, D. M. Rote, and H. T. Coffey, "Vehicle/Guideway Interaction and Ride Comfort in Maglev Systems," submitted to ASME J. Dynamic System, Measurement, and Control

[146] J. J. Fearnsides, J. K. Hedrick, and H. Firouztash, "Specification of Ride Quality Criteria for Transportation Systems: The State of the Art and a New Approach," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, 1974, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[147] V. K. Garg and R. V. Dukkipati, Dynamics of Railway Vehicle Systems, Academic Press, 1984

[148] B. V. Jayawant and P. K. Sinha, "Low-Speed Vehicle Dynamics and Ride Quality Using Controlled D.C. Electromagnets," Automatica, vol. 13, pp. 605-610, 1977

[149] M. Andriollo, G. Martinelli, A. Morini and A. Scuttari, “Optimization of the winding configuration in EDS-MAGLEV trains,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996

[150] D. L. Atherton, "Maglev Using Permanent Magnets," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-16, no. 1, January 1980, pp. 146-148

[151] J. Bankuti et. al., "Design and Constructions of a Small-Scale Model of a High-Temperature Superconducting Magnetically Levitated Vehicle," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 2288-2291

[152] R. H. Borcherts, “Repulsion magnetic suspension research ---

[153] R. H. Borcherts, L. C. Davis, J. R. Reitz, and D. F. Wilkie, "Baseline Specifications for a Magnetically Suspended High-Speed Vehicle," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 5, May 1973, pp. 569-578

[154] H. T. Coffey, F. Chilton, and T. W. Barbee, Jr., "Suspension and Guidance of Vehicles by Superconducting Magnets," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 5, April 1969, pp. 2161

[155] A. R. Eastham and W. F. Hayes, "Maglev Systems Development Status," IEEE AES Magazine, January 1988, pp. 20-21

[156] T. Fujimoto and

[157]

[158] C. A. Guderjahn and S. L. Wipf, “Magnetic Suspension and Guidance for High-Speed Trains by Means of Superconducting Magnets and Eddy Currents,” Proceedings of the 1969 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, UCLA, June 16-18, 1969, found in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, vol. 15, pp. 117-123

[159] C. A. Guderjahn and S. L. Wipf, “Magnetically levitated transportation,” Cryogenics, June 1971, pp. 171-178.

[160] A. G. Hammitt, "Special Aerodynamic Problems of High Speed Ground Transportation Systems," High Speed Ground Transportation Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, 1974, found in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Speed Ground Transportation, January 1975

[161] H. Ichikawa and H. Ogiwara, "Design Considerations of Superconducting Magnets as a Maglev Pad," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-10, no. 4, December 1974, pp. 1099-1103

[162] B. V. Jayawant, "Electromagnetic suspension and levitation," Reports on Progress in Physics, vol. 44, 1981, pp. 411-472

[163] Y. Kyotani, “Recent Progress on JNR on Maglev.” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-24, No. 2, March 1988 pp. 804-807

[164] E. Leung, M. Dew, G. Samavedam, and B. Gamble, “A Study of Two Distinct Coil Designs for a Maglev EDS Application,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, no. 4, July 1994, pp. 2379-2382

[165] F. C. Moon, Superconducting Levitation, John Wiley,

[166] S. Nakamura, "Devolopent of High Speed Surface Transport System (HSST)," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. Mag-15, no. 6, November 1979, pp. 1428-1433

[167] H. Nakashima, “The Superconducting Magnet for the Maglev Transport System.” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, No. 4, July 1994 pp. 1572-1578

[168] J. R. Powell and G. R. Danby, “High speed transport by
magnetically levitated trains,” ASME Winter Annual Meeting,

[169] J. R. Powell and G. R. Danby, “Magnetically Suspended Trains for Very High Speed Transport,” Proceedings of the Fourth Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Sept. 22-26, 1969, Washington, pp. 953-963

[170] J. R. Powell and G. R. Danby, “Magnetically suspended trains: the application of superconductivity to high-speed transport,” Cryogenics and Industrial Gases, vol. 4, October 1969, pp. 19-24

[171] J. R. Powell and G. R. Danby, “Magnetically Suspended Trains for Very High Speed Transport,” Proceedings of the Fourth Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Sept. 22-26, 1969, Washington, pp. 953-963“Magnetic suspension for levitated tracked vehicles,” Cryogenics, June 1971, pp. 192-204

[172] K. Sawada, "Development of magnetically levitated high speed
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[173] M. Shibata, N. Maki, T. Saito, and T. Kobayashi, “Levitation
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[174] R. D. Thornton, "Magnetic Levitation and Propulsion, 1975," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-11, no. 4, July 1975, pp. 981-995

[175] R. D. Thornton, "Design Principles for Magnetic Levitation," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 5, May 1973, pp. 586-598

[176] R. D. Thornton, D. Perreault, T. Clark, “Linear Synchronous
Motors for Maglev,”

[177] Y. Tzeng and T. Wang, "Optimal Design of the Electromagnetic Levitation with Permanent and Electro Magnets," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 30, no. 6, November 1994, pp. 4731-4733

[178] U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, "Compendium of Executive Summaries from the Maglev System Concept Definition Final Reports," prepared by the National Maglev Initiative, Washington D.C., Spetember 30, 1992

[179] S. Yamamura, "Magnetic Levitation Technology of Tracked Vehicles. Present Status and Prospects," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 12, no. 6, November 1976, pp. 874-878

[180] D. L. Atherton, A. R. Eastham, B. Ooi, and O. P. Jain, “Forces and Moments for Electrodynamic Levitation Systems --- Large-Scale Test Results and Theory,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-14, no. 2, March 1978, pp. 59-68

[181] J. Bankuti, I. Vajda, L. Mohacsi, A. Szalay, I. Kotsis and M. Enisz, “Design and Construction of a Small-Scale Model of a High-Temperature Superconducting Magnetically Levitated Vehicle,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2288-2291

[182] R. H. Borcherts and L. C. Davis, “Force on a Coil Moving over a Conducting Surface Including Edge and Channel Effects,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 43, no. 5, May 1972, pp. 2418-2427

[183] W. S. Brown, “A 1/25 Scale Magneplane,” Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, October 1975

[184] N. D. Fintescu and J. P. Pascal, “Test Results of Full-Scale 1 MW Linear Induction Motor (“U-LIM-AS”) with PWM Inverter,” 1986 IEEE International Conference on Maglev and Linear Drives, May 14-16, Vancouver, pp. 165-170

[185] H. Hieronymus, J. Miericke, F. Pawlitschek, and R. Rudel, “Experimental Study of Magnetic Forces on Normal and Null Flux Coil Arrangements in the Inductive Levitation System,” Applied Physics 3, (1974) pp. 359-366

[186] Y. Hikasa and Y. Takeuchi, "Detail and Experimental Results of Ferromagnetic Levitation System of Japan Air Lines HSST-01/-02 Vehicles," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. VT-29, no. 1, February 1980, pp. 35-40

[187] T. Iwahana, “Study of Superconducting Magnetic Suspension and Guidance Characteristics on Loop Tracks,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-11, no. 6, November 1975, pp. 1704-1711

[188] Y. Iwasa, W. S. Brown, and C. B. Wallace, “An Operational 1/25-scale Magneplane System with Superconducting Coils,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-11, no. 5, September 1975, pp. 1490-1492

[189] H. H. Kolm, R. D. Thornton, Y. Iwasa, and W. Brown, “The magneplane system,” Cryogenics, July 1975, pp. 377-384

[190] A. Kondoleon, D. Seltzer, R. D. Thornton, and M. T. Thompson, “Development of a Large Scale High Speed Wheel Test Facility,” Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Magnetic Suspension Technology, NASA Conference Publication 3336, part 2, pp. 523-534, Dec. 13-15, 1995

[191] J. L. Mahtani and R. G. Rhodes, “Electrodynamic Force Characteristics of the Split-Track Maglev System,” Journal de Physique, vol. 45, January 1984, pp. C1-747 - C1-751

[192] T. M. Mulcahy, J. He, D. M. Rote, and T. D. Rossing, “Forces on a Magnet Moving Past Figure-Eight Coils,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 29, no. 6, November 1993, pp. 2947-2949

[193] K. Oka and T. Higuchi, “A Three-Degrees-of-Freedom Maglev System with Actuators and Permanent Magnets,” Electrical Engineering in Japan, vol. 116, no. 5, 1996, pp. 138-147

[194] R. G. Rhodes and B. E. Mulhall, “A superconducting maglev test facility for high speed transport,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, 1976, pp. 489-491

[195] K. Sawada, “Development of Magnetically Levitated High Speed Transport System in Japan,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2230-2235

__9.16. Maglev: Thermal Stability Analysis__

[196] J. Lue, M. Lubell, D. Aized, J. Campbell, and R. Schwall, "Spontaneous Quenches of a High Temperature Superconducting Pancake Coil," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 2613-2616

[197] H. Miyomoto, S. Nishijima, T. Kushida, and T. Okada, "Instability of Impregnated Superconducting Windings Induced by Mechanical Disturbances," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 3008-3011

[198] A. Ninomiya et. al., “Monitoring of Superconducting Magnets Using Acoustic Resonance,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 24, No. 2, March 1988 pp. 1215-1218

[199] S. Ohashi, K. Higashi, H. Ohsaki, and E. Masada, “Influence of Magnet Quench on the Superconducting Magnetically Levitated Bogie,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 5, part 2, pp. 5046-5048, 1996

[200] E. A. Scholle and J. Schwartz, "Power Dissipation Due to Vibration-Induced Disturbances in maglev Superconducting Magnets," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 205-210, 1994

[201] E. A. Scholle and J. Schwartz, “Thermal Stability of MAGLEV SCMs with Vibration-Induced Disturbances.” Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference ‘94, Boston, October 1994

[202] K. Seo, M. Morita, S. Nakamura, T. Yamada, and Y. Jizo, "Minimum Quench Energy Measurments for Superconducting Wires," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996 pp. 3089-3093

[203] C. M. Srivastava and C. Srinivasan, Science of Engineering Materials, Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, 1987

[204] E. Suzuki, "Heating Phenomena in the Vibrating Superconducting Magnet on Maglev," IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. E78-C, No. 55, May 1995, pp. 549-555

__9.17. Magnetic Levitation: Elementary Theory__

[205] A. H. Boerdijk, "Technical Aspects of Levitation," Philips Research Reports, vol. 11, 1956, pp. 45-56

[206] R. Frazier, P. Gilinson, Jr., and G. Oberbeck, Magnetic and Electric Suspensions, MIT Press, Cambridge MA 1974

[207] R. M. Goodall, “The Theory of Electromagnetic Levitation,” Physics in Technology, v. 16, no. 5, 1985, pp. 207-213

[208] R. J. Hill, "Teaching Electrodynamic Levitation Theory," IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 33, no. 4, November 1990, pp. 346-354

[209] F. Holmes, "Axial Magnetic Suspensions," Review of Scientific Instruments, November 1937, pp. 444-447

[210] B. V. Jayawant, “Magnetic and electrostatic suspension techniques,” The New Zealand Electrical Journal, 25 March, 1972, pp. 32-36

[211] J. Miericke and L. Urankar, "Theory of Electrodynamic Levitation with a Continuous Sheet Track --- Part I," Applied Physics, vol. 2, 1973, pp. 201-211.

[212] J. Miericke and L. Urankar, "Theory of Electrodynamic Levitation with a Continuous Sheet Track --- Part II," Applied Physics, vol. 3, 1974, pp. 67-76

[213] W. M. Saslow, "Maxwell's theory of eddy currents in thin conducting sheets, and applications to electromagnetic shielding and MAGLEV," American Journal of Physics, vol. 60, no. 8, August 1992

__9.18. Magnetic
Levitation System Concepts__

[214] P. J. Geary, Magnetic and Electric Suspensions, British Scientific Instrument Research Association, 1964

[215] B. V. Jayawant, Electromagnetic Levitation and Suspension Techniques, Edward Arnold, Ltd., London 1981

[216] E. Laithwaite, editor, Transport Without Wheels, pub. by Elek Science, London, 1977

[217] R. G. Rhodes and B. E. Mulhall, Magnetic Levitation for Rail Transport, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981

[218] P. Sinha, Electromagnetic Suspension Dynamics and Control, pub. by. Peter Peregrinus Ltd., 1987. Multiple-D.O.F. Maglev models.

[219] Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Maglev, technical report SP-926, 1992

[220] R. D. Thornton, editor, Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue on Ground Transportion for the Eighties, vol. 61, no. 5, May 1973

__9.19. Magnetic Levitation: Other Applications__

[221] J. Beams, "High Rotational Speeds," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 8, Dec. 1937, pp. 795-806

[222] F. C. Moon, "Magnetic Forces in High-Tc Superconducting Bearings," Applied Electromagnetics in Materials, vol. 1 (1990) pp. 29-35

[223] W. G. Pfann and D. W. Hagelbarger, "Electromagnetic Suspension of a Molten Zone, " Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 27, no. 1, January 1956, pp. 12-18

[224] M. Sarma and A. Yamamura, "Nonlinear Analysis of Magnetic Bearings for Space Technology," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. AES-15, no. 1, January 1979, pp. 134-140

[225] G. Schweitzer, editor, Magnetic Bearings, Proceedings of the First International Symposium Zurich, 1988. Pub. by. Springer Verlag, 1989

[226] K. Sivier, "A One-Component, Magnetic Support-and-Balance System," Journal of Aircraft, vol. 6, no. 5, 1969

[227] Z. Xia, Q. Y. Chen, K. B. Ma, C. K. McMichael, M. Lamb, R. S. Cooley, P. C. Fowler, and W. K. Chu, “Design of Superconducting Magnetic Bearings with High Levitating Force for Flywheel Energy Storage Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 5, no. 2, June 1995, pp. 622-625

__9.20. Materials: Properties, Strength, etc.__

[228] K. Budinski, Engineering Materials Properties and Selection, 3d ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1989

[229] D. Chung, Carbon Fiber Composites, pub. by Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston 1994

[230] S. H. Crandall, N. Dahl, and T. Lardner, An Introduction to the Mechanics of Solids, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York, 1978

[231] R. Flinn and P. Trojan, Engineering Materials and Their Applications, 3d edition, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston 1986

[232] Handy & Harman Co., Inc., The Brazing Book, 1983

[233] E. Hearn, Mechanics of Materials, pub. by Pergamon Press, New York, 1977

[234] Patriot Plastics, Inc., Plastics for Industry, compilation of datasheets on various plastic products

[235] M. Schwartz, Composite Materials Handbook, pub. by McGraw-Hill, New York, 1984

[236] A. Ugural and S. Fenster, Advanced Strength and Applied Elasticity, 3d edition, PTR Prentice Hall, 1995

[237] ______, "Basics of Design Engineering: Materials," Machine Design, February 9, 1995, pp. 79-124. Review of practical engineering materials and applications.

__9.21. Miscellaneous References__

[238] M. Chiu, "Low-Cost, Highly-Damped, Precision Linear Motion Using Porous Carbon Air Bearings and Epoxy Replication," Master's Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1994. Ceramic alumina specifications, pp. 32

[239] Emerson & Cuming, Inc., Stycast 2850-GT datasheet

[240] E. Fong, “Design and Analysis of a Liquid Nitrogen Delivery System for Cooling a High Temperature Superconducting Magnet for MAGLEV,” B.S. Mechanical Engineering Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June, 1995

[241] J. Kassakan, M. Schlecht, and G. Verghese, Principles of Power Electronics, Addison-Wesley, 1991

[242] D. Megna, (A): “A Linear, H-Bridge 1 kW Current Source Design,” M.I.T. 6.100 Lab Report, January 15, 1997. (B): “High Voltage Test Results for the Current Source at the MAGLEV Test Fixture,” M.I.T. 6.100 Lab Report, February 2, 1997.

[243] J. W. Roblee, “Design of Externally Pressurized Gas Bearings for Dynamic Applications,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory report UCRL-53643, September 30, 1985

__9.22. Rotordynamics__

[244] American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 1980 Flywheel Technology Symposium

[245] R. D. Blevins, Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shapes, R. E. Krieger, Malabar Florida, 1984

[246] D. Childs, Turbomachinery Rotordynamics, John Wiley, 1993

[247] F. Ehrich, editor, Handbook of Rotordynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1992

[248] G. Genta, Kinetic Energy Storage Theory and Practice of Advanced Flywheel Systems, pub. by Butterworths, London 1985. Flywheel stress profiles, exotic geometries, etc.

[249] C. Harris and C. Crede, editors, Shock and Vibration Handbook, 2d edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1976

[250] J. Den Hartog, Mechanical Vibrations, 4th ed., Dover Publications, Inc. New York, 1985. Critical speeds of flywheel, pp. 225; dynamic balancing, pp. 233.

[251] M. Larkin, Design and Optimization of a Motor/Generator for Use in a Satellite Flywheel Energy Storage System, M.S.M.E. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, September, 1985

[252] O. Mahrenholtz, editor, Dynamics of Rotors: Stability and System Identification, Springer-Verlag, Wien, Germany, 1984

[253] J. Mitchell, An Introduction to Machinery Analysis and Monitoring, PennWell Books, Tulsa OK, 1981

[254] S. Rao, Mechanical Vibrations, 3d edition, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA 1995

[255] S. Timoshenko, and D. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering, 3rd edition, D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, 1955

[256] J. Williams, Fundamentals of Applied Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1996

__9.23. Structural
Stress and Deflection Analysis for Systems__

[257] B. Allen, Soldering Handbook, Iliffe Books Lts., London, 1969

[258] G. A. Cuccuru, F. Ginesu, B. Picasso and P. Priolo, “Characterization of Composite Materials for Filament Wound Flywheels,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 14, (Jan. 1980) pp. 31-41

[259] D. H. Curtiss, P. P. Mongeau, and R. L. Puterbaugh, "Advanced Composite Flywheel Structural Design for a Pulsed Disk Alternator," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 31, no. 1, January 1995, pp. 28-31. Discussion of flywheel with imbedded conductors in periphery.

[260] E. L. Danfelt, S. A. Hewes, and T. W. Chou, "Optimization of Composite Flywheel Design," International Journal of Mechanical Science, vol. 19, 1977, pp. 69-78. Material properties of composite materials: fiberglass, Kevlar, etc.

[261] J. C. Georgian, "Optimum Design of Variable Composite Flywheel," Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 23, January 1989, pp. 2-10

[262] M. Iremonger, Basic Stress Analysis, Butterworth Scientific, London, 1982

[263] H. Manko, Solders and Soldering, 2d edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1979

[264] R. Roark, Formulas for Stress and Strain, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965

[265] S. Timoshenko, Theory of Plates and Shells, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1940

__9.24. Superconductors: AC Applications and Loss Measurements__

[266] S. P. Ashworth, M. Ciszek, A. M. Campbell, W. Y. Liang, and B. A. Glowacki, “AC Losses in Silver Clad High Tc Superconducting Tapes,” Chinese Journal of Physics, vol. 34, no. 2-II, April 1996, pp. 232-242

[267] S. A. Boggs, E. W. Collings and M. V. Parish, “AC Losses in HTSC Conductor Elements.” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 2, No. 3, Sept. 1992 pp. 117-121

[268] M. Ciszek, B. Glowacki, S. Ashworth, A. Campbell, and J. Evetts, “AC Losses of Ag-(Bi,Pb)SrCaCuO-2223 Tapes in Combination of Transverse External Magnetic Field and Transport Current,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 5, no. 2, June 1995, pp. 709-712

[269] M. Dragomirecky, J. V. Minervini, J. W. Ekin, R. B. Goldfarb and A. F. Clark, “Losses in Nb-Ti Superconductor as Functions of AC Field Amplitude and DC Transport Current,” Proceedings of the Eleventh International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, 1986, pp. 746-750

[270] R. F. Giese, T. P. Sheahen, A. M. Wolsky and D. K. Sharma, “High Temperature Superconductors: Their Potential for Utility Applications.” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 7, No. 3, September 1992, pp. 589-597

[271] F. Gomery, “Measurement of Magnetization Curves and Losses in Superconducting Magnets at Pulse Durations of 1 s.” Cryogenics 26, pp. 273, 1986

[272] F. Gomery and L. Cesnak, “Loss and Magnetization Measurement of Superconducting Magnets Pulsed at Very Low Ramp Rates.” Cryogenics, 25, pp. 375, 1985

[273] P. F. Herrmann, C. Cottevieille, A. Leriche, and S. Elschner, "Refrigeration Load Calculation of a HTSC Current Lead under AC Conditions," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2574-2577

[274] I. Hlasnik and D. Ito, "AC Applications of Superconductors at 50/60 Hz Frequency," vol. 28, no. 8, 1993, pp. 128-150

[275] M. Janocko and D. Deis, “An apparatus for the measurement of ac losses in superconductors,” Cryogenics, vol. 14, no. 7, July 1974, pp. 391-394. Calirometric methods.

[276] H. Kanetaka et. al. “Experimental Evaluation of AC Losses in Superconducting Multifilamentary Wires for 50/60 Hz use Exposed to a Magnetic Field with Arbitrary Angle with the Wire Axis.” Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference ‘94, Boston, October 1994

[277] W. Knaak and H. Reiss, “High-temperature superconductors for a.c. applications,” Materials and Design, vol. 14, no. 2, 1993, pp. 115-121

[278] J. Kokavec, I. Hlasnik, and S. Fukui, “Very Sensitive Electric Method for AC Loss Measurement in SC Coils,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 1, March 1993, pp. 153-155

[279] E. J. Lucas, W. F. B. Punchard, P. M. G. Margosian and D. S. Beard, “Design and Use of an Electronic Loss Measurement Apparatus for Superconducting Coils.” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAG-13, No. 1, January 1977 pp. 538-541

[280] R. Mints, A. Akhmetov and A. Devred, “Enhanced Quench Propagation Velocity,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 3, no. 1, March 1993, pp. 654-657

[281] T. Mower and Y. Iwasa, "Experimental investigation of a.c. losses in cabled superconductors," Cryogenics, 1986, vol. 26, May pp. 281-292

[282] J. Paasi, and A. Tuohimaa, "Hysteresis Losses in Bi-2223 Superconductors," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2796-2799

[283] J. Paasi, M. Polak, P. Kottman, D. Suchon, M. Lahtinen and J. Kokavec, “Electric Field and Losses in BSCCO-2223/Ag Tapes Carrying AC Transport Current.” Proceedings of the Applied Superconductivity Conference ‘94, Boston, October 1994

[284] J. Paasi, M. Lahtinen, D. Aized, S. Fleshler, G. Snitchler and A. P. Malezemoff, "AC Losses in Multifilamentary Bi-2223/Ag Superconducting Tapes," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2792-2795

[285] P. Penczynski, “Measurement of 50 Hz Alternationg Current Losses on Superconducting Niobium Cylinders,” Siemens Forschungs - und Entwicklungsberichte, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 296-306 (1973)

[286] K. M. Reilly and G. H. Morgan, “A Digital Technique for the Measurement of Power Losses in High Temperature Superconductors,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 2, no. 3, September 1992, pp. 181-183

[287] Y. Yasukawa, K. Takita, H. Hiue, I. Itoh, M. Mimura, K. Iwashita, Y. Tanaka, M. Iwakuma, K. Funaki, M. Takeo, and K. Yamafuji, “Development of 2 kA High-Temperature Superconducting Current Lead System for AC Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2671-2674

__9.25. Superconducting Magnet Design --- General__

[288] M. Ariante, A. Matrone, E. Petrillo, A. Bonzi, P. Fabbricatore, M. Galbiati, C. Priano, L. Rossin and A. Scutti, "Characteristics of Coils Wound with Mono and Multifilamentary Bi-2212/Ag from 4 to 80K," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2780-2783. Discussion of latest research on HTSC in round wire geometry.

[289] A. M. Dawson and D. B. Montgomery, “A Data Base of Magnet Failures and Its Relevance to Magnet Design,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2974-2977

[290] S. Foner and B. Schwartz, editors, Superconductor Materials Science: Metallurgy, Fabrication, and Applications, pub. by Plenum Press, New York, 1981. Thermal stability of low-Tc materials, pp. 84; lap joint analysis, pp. 125; strain effects in low-Tc materials, pp. 455; large superconducting machines, pp. 757;

[291] Y. Iwasa, Case Studies in Superconducting Magnets, pub. by Plenum Press, New York, 1994

[292] C. Levillain and P. Therond, "Minimal Performances of High Tc Wires for Cost Effective SMES Compared With Low Tc's," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 2308-2311

[293] D. Montgomery, Solenoid Magnet Design, Wiley-Interscience, 1969

[294] K. Seo, M. Morita, S. Nakamura, T. Yamada, and Y. Jizo, "Minimum Quench Energy Measurement for Superconducting Wires," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 4, July 1996, pp. 3089-3093

[295] M. Wilson, Superconducting Magnets, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1983

__9.26. Thermal System Design__

[296] Burr Brown Corp., "Thermal and Electrical Properties of Selected Packaging Materials," applications brief AB-030, 1991

[297] Eastop and McConkey, Applied Thermodynamics, 5th ed., Longman Scientific and Technical

[298] General Electric Corp., SCR Manual, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1979

[299] International Rectifier Corp., Power Modules Designer's Manual, 1991

[300] R. Resnick and D. Halliday, Physics, Part 1. Publ. by John Wiley & Sons, New York 1977

[301] SGS-Thomson, Inc. Designers' Guide to Power Products: Applications Manual

*Marc
T. Thompson --- BIOGRAPHY*

Marc T. Thompson was born in

From 1987-1993 he worked at Polaroid Corporation, specializing in high speed analog design, including modulators of high-power semiconductor diode lasers. Since then, he has worked as a consultant in analog and magnetics design, and holds 2 patents. His research areas at MIT included design of superconducting suspensions, applications of magnetic fluids, and stability analysis and use of scaling laws for magnetic structures.

**Marc
T. Thompson, Ph.D.
Thompson Consulting, Inc.**

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